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User.py

##############################################################################
#
# Copyright (c) 2001 Zope Corporation and Contributors. All Rights Reserved.
#
# This software is subject to the provisions of the Zope Public License,
# Version 2.0 (ZPL).  A copy of the ZPL should accompany this distribution.
# THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND ANY AND ALL EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
# WARRANTIES ARE DISCLAIMED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
# WARRANTIES OF TITLE, MERCHANTABILITY, AGAINST INFRINGEMENT, AND FITNESS
# FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
#
##############################################################################
"""Access control package"""

__version__='$Revision: 1.170.6.7 $'[11:-2]

import Globals, socket, SpecialUsers,re
import os
from Globals import DTMLFile, MessageDialog, Persistent, PersistentMapping
from App.Management import Navigation, Tabs
from Acquisition import Implicit
from OFS.SimpleItem import Item
from base64 import decodestring
from App.ImageFile import ImageFile
from Role import RoleManager, DEFAULTMAXLISTUSERS
from PermissionRole import _what_not_even_god_should_do, rolesForPermissionOn
import AuthEncoding
from AccessControl import getSecurityManager
from zExceptions import Unauthorized
from AccessControl.SecurityManagement import newSecurityManager
from AccessControl.SecurityManagement import noSecurityManager
from AccessControl.ZopeSecurityPolicy import _noroles

ListType=type([])

_marker=[]

00038 class BasicUser(Implicit):
    """Base class for all User objects"""

    # ----------------------------
    # Public User object interface
    # ----------------------------

    # Maybe allow access to unprotected attributes. Note that this is
    # temporary to avoid exposing information but without breaking
    # everyone's current code. In the future the security will be
    # clamped down and permission-protected here. Because there are a
    # fair number of user object types out there, this method denies
    # access to names that are private parts of the standard User
    # interface or implementation only. The other approach (only
    # allowing access to public names in the User interface) would
    # probably break a lot of other User implementations with extended
    # functionality that we cant anticipate from the base scaffolding.
    def __allow_access_to_unprotected_subobjects__(self, name, value=None):
        deny_names=('name', '__', 'roles', 'domains', '_getPassword',
                    'authenticate', '_shared_roles')
        if name in deny_names:
            return 0
        return 1

    def __init__(self,name,password,roles,domains):
        raise NotImplementedError

00065     def getUserName(self):
        """Return the username of a user"""
        raise NotImplementedError

00069     def getId(self):
        """Get the ID of the user. The ID can be used, at least from
        Python, to get the user from the user's
        UserDatabase"""
        return self.getUserName()

00075     def _getPassword(self):
        """Return the password of the user."""
        raise NotImplementedError

00079     def getRoles(self):
        """Return the list of roles assigned to a user."""
        raise NotImplementedError

00083     def getRolesInContext(self, object):
        """Return the list of roles assigned to the user,
           including local roles assigned in context of
           the passed in object."""
        userid=self.getId()
        roles=self.getRoles()
        local={}
        object=getattr(object, 'aq_inner', object)
        while 1:
            local_roles = getattr(object, '__ac_local_roles__', None)
            if local_roles:
                if callable(local_roles):
                    local_roles=local_roles()
                dict=local_roles or {}
                for r in dict.get(userid, []):
                    local[r]=1
            inner = getattr(object, 'aq_inner', object)
            parent = getattr(inner, 'aq_parent', None)
            if parent is not None:
                object = parent
                continue
            if hasattr(object, 'im_self'):
                object=object.im_self
                object=getattr(object, 'aq_inner', object)
                continue
            break
        roles=list(roles) + local.keys()
        return roles

00112     def getDomains(self):
        """Return the list of domain restrictions for a user"""
        raise NotImplementedError

    # ------------------------------
    # Internal User object interface
    # ------------------------------

    def authenticate(self, password, request):
        passwrd=self._getPassword()
        result = AuthEncoding.pw_validate(passwrd, password)
        domains=self.getDomains()
        if domains:
            return result and domainSpecMatch(domains, request)
        return result


    def _shared_roles(self, parent):
        r=[]
        while 1:
            if hasattr(parent,'__roles__'):
                roles=parent.__roles__
                if roles is None: return 'Anonymous',
                if 'Shared' in roles:
                    roles=list(roles)
                    roles.remove('Shared')
                    r=r+roles
                else:
                    try: return r+list(roles)
                    except: return r
            if hasattr(parent, 'aq_parent'):
                while hasattr(parent.aq_self,'aq_self'):
                    parent=parent.aq_self
                parent=parent.aq_parent
            else: return r

    def _check_context(self, object):
        # Check that 'object' exists in the acquisition context of
        # the parent of the acl_users object containing this user,
        # to prevent "stealing" access through acquisition tricks.
        # Return true if in context, false if not or if context
        # cannot be determined (object is not wrapped).
        parent  = getattr(self, 'aq_parent', None)
        context = getattr(parent, 'aq_parent', None)
        if context is not None:
            if object is None:
                return 1
            if not hasattr(object, 'aq_inContextOf'):
                if hasattr(object, 'im_self'):
                    # This is a method.  Grab its self.
                    object=object.im_self
                if not hasattr(object, 'aq_inContextOf'):
                    # Object is not wrapped, so return false.
                    return 0
            return object.aq_inContextOf(context, 1)

        # This is lame, but required to keep existing behavior.
        return 1

00171     def allowed(self, object, object_roles=None):
        """Check whether the user has access to object. The user must
           have one of the roles in object_roles to allow access."""

        if object_roles is _what_not_even_god_should_do: return 0

        # Short-circuit the common case of anonymous access.
        if object_roles is None or 'Anonymous' in object_roles:
            return 1

        # Provide short-cut access if object is protected by 'Authenticated'
        # role and user is not nobody
        if 'Authenticated' in object_roles and (
            self.getUserName() != 'Anonymous User'):
            return 1

        # Check for ancient role data up front, convert if found.
        # This should almost never happen, and should probably be
        # deprecated at some point.
        if 'Shared' in object_roles:
            object_roles = self._shared_roles(object)
            if object_roles is None or 'Anonymous' in object_roles:
                return 1

        # Check for a role match with the normal roles given to
        # the user, then with local roles only if necessary. We
        # want to avoid as much overhead as possible.
        user_roles = self.getRoles()
        for role in object_roles:
            if role in user_roles:
                if self._check_context(object):
                    return 1
                return None

        # Still have not found a match, so check local roles. We do
        # this manually rather than call getRolesInContext so that
        # we can incur only the overhead required to find a match.
        inner_obj = getattr(object, 'aq_inner', object)
        userid = self.getId()
        while 1:
            local_roles = getattr(inner_obj, '__ac_local_roles__', None)
            if local_roles:
                if callable(local_roles):
                    local_roles = local_roles()
                dict = local_roles or {}
                local_roles = dict.get(userid, [])
                for role in object_roles:
                    if role in local_roles:
                        if self._check_context(object):
                            return 1
                        return 0
            inner = getattr(inner_obj, 'aq_inner', inner_obj)
            parent = getattr(inner, 'aq_parent', None)
            if parent is not None:
                inner_obj = parent
                continue
            if hasattr(inner_obj, 'im_self'):
                inner_obj=inner_obj.im_self
                inner_obj=getattr(inner_obj, 'aq_inner', inner_obj)
                continue
            break
        return None

00234     def hasRole(self, *args, **kw):
        """hasRole is an alias for 'allowed' and has been deprecated.

        Code still using this method should convert to either 'has_role' or
        'allowed', depending on the intended behaviour.

        """
        import warnings
        warnings.warn('BasicUser.hasRole is deprecated, please use '
            'BasicUser.allowed instead; hasRole was an alias for allowed, but '
            'you may have ment to use has_role.', DeprecationWarning)
        return self.allowed(*args, **kw)

    domains=[]

00249     def has_role(self, roles, object=None):
        """Check to see if a user has a given role or roles."""
        if type(roles)==type('s'):
            roles=[roles]
        if object is not None:
            user_roles = self.getRolesInContext(object)
        else:
            # Global roles only...
            user_roles=self.getRoles()
        for role in roles:
            if role in user_roles:
                return 1
        return 0

00263     def has_permission(self, permission, object):
        """Check to see if a user has a given permission on an object."""
        roles=rolesForPermissionOn(permission, object)
        if type(roles) is type(''):
            roles=[roles]
        return self.allowed(object, roles)

    def __len__(self): return 1
    def __str__(self): return self.getUserName()
    __repr__=__str__


00275 class SimpleUser(BasicUser):
    """A very simple user implementation

    that doesn't make a database commitment"""

    def __init__(self,name,password,roles,domains):
        self.name   =name
        self.__     =password
        self.roles  =roles
        self.domains=domains

00286     def getUserName(self):
        """Return the username of a user"""
        return self.name

00290     def _getPassword(self):
        """Return the password of the user."""
        return self.__

00294     def getRoles(self):
        """Return the list of roles assigned to a user."""
        if self.name == 'Anonymous User': return tuple(self.roles)
        else: return tuple(self.roles) + ('Authenticated',)

00299     def getDomains(self):
        """Return the list of domain restrictions for a user"""
        return tuple(self.domains)

00303 class SpecialUser(SimpleUser):
    """Class for special users, like emergency user and nobody"""
00305     def getId(self): pass

00307 class User(SimpleUser, Persistent):
    """Standard User object"""

00310 class UnrestrictedUser(SpecialUser):
    """User that passes all security checks.  Note, however, that modules
    like Owner.py can still impose restrictions.
    """
00314     def allowed(self,parent,roles=None):
        return roles is not _what_not_even_god_should_do

00317     def hasRole(self, *args, **kw):
        """hasRole is an alias for 'allowed' and has been deprecated.

        Code still using this method should convert to either 'has_role' or
        'allowed', depending on the intended behaviour.

        """
        import warnings
        warnings.warn('UnrestrictedUser.hasRole is deprecated, please use '
            'UnrestrictedUser.allowed instead; hasRole was an alias for '
            'allowed, but you may have ment to use has_role.',
            DeprecationWarning)
        self.allowed(*args, **kw)

00331     def has_role(self, roles, object=None): return 1

00333     def has_permission(self, permission, object): return 1


00336 class NullUnrestrictedUser(SpecialUser):
    """User created if no emergency user exists. It is only around to
       satisfy third party userfolder implementations that may
       expect the emergency user to exist and to be able to call certain
       methods on it (in other words, backward compatibility).

       Note that when no emergency user is installed, this object that
       exists in its place is more of an anti-superuser since you cannot
       login as this user and it has no priveleges at all."""

    __null_user__=1

    def __init__(self):
        pass

00351     def getUserName(self):
        # return an unspellable username
        return (None, None)
    _getPassword=getUserName

00356     def getRoles(self):
        return ()
    getDomains=getRoles

00360     def getRolesInContext(self, object):
        return ()

    def authenticate(self, password, request):
        return 0

00366     def allowed(self, parent, roles=None):
        return 0

00369     def hasRole(self, *args, **kw):
        """hasRole is an alias for 'allowed' and has been deprecated.

        Code still using this method should convert to either 'has_role' or
        'allowed', depending on the intended behaviour.

        """
        import warnings
        warnings.warn('NullUnrestrictedUser.hasRole is deprecated, please use '
            'NullUnrestrictedUser.allowed instead; hasRole was an alias for '
            'allowed, but you may have ment to use has_role.',
            DeprecationWarning)
        self.allowed(*args, **kw)

00383     def has_role(self, roles, object=None):
        return 0

00386     def has_permission(self, permission, object):
        return 0



def readUserAccessFile(filename):
    '''Reads an access file from INSTANCE_HOME.
    Returns name, password, domains, remote_user_mode.
    '''
    try:
        f = open(os.path.join(INSTANCE_HOME, filename), 'r')
        line = f.readline()
        f.close()
    except IOError:
        return None

    if line:
        data = line.strip().split(':')
        remote_user_mode = not data[1]
        try:    ds = data[2].split(' ')
        except: ds = []
        return data[0], data[1], ds, remote_user_mode
    else:
        return None


# Create emergency user.
_remote_user_mode=0

info = readUserAccessFile('access')
if info:
    _remote_user_mode = info[3]
    emergency_user = UnrestrictedUser(
        info[0], info[1], ('manage',), info[2])
else:
    emergency_user = NullUnrestrictedUser()

super = emergency_user  # Note: use of the 'super' name is deprecated.
del info


nobody=SpecialUser('Anonymous User','',('Anonymous',), [])
system=UnrestrictedUser('System Processes','',('manage',), [])

# stuff these in a handier place for importing
SpecialUsers.nobody=nobody
SpecialUsers.system=system
SpecialUsers.emergency_user=emergency_user
# Note: use of the 'super' name is deprecated.
SpecialUsers.super=emergency_user


00438 class BasicUserFolder(Implicit, Persistent, Navigation, Tabs, RoleManager,
                      Item):
    """Base class for UserFolder-like objects"""

    meta_type='User Folder'
    id       ='acl_users'
    title    ='User Folder'

    isPrincipiaFolderish=1
    isAUserFolder=1
    maxlistusers = DEFAULTMAXLISTUSERS

    encrypt_passwords = 0

    manage_options=(
        (
        {'label':'Contents', 'action':'manage_main',
         'help':('OFSP','User-Folder_Contents.stx')},
        {'label':'Properties', 'action':'manage_userFolderProperties',
         'help':('OFSP','User-Folder_Properties.stx')},
        )
        +RoleManager.manage_options
        +Item.manage_options
        )

    __ac_permissions__=(
        ('Manage users',
         ('manage_users','getUserNames', 'getUser', 'getUsers',
          'getUserById', 'user_names', 'setDomainAuthenticationMode',
          'userFolderAddUser', 'userFolderEditUser', 'userFolderDelUsers',
          )
         ),
        )


    # ----------------------------------
    # Public UserFolder object interface
    # ----------------------------------

00477     def getUserNames(self):
        """Return a list of usernames"""
        raise NotImplementedError

00481     def getUsers(self):
        """Return a list of user objects"""
        raise NotImplementedError

00485     def getUser(self, name):
        """Return the named user object or None"""
        raise NotImplementedError

00489     def getUserById(self, id, default=_marker):
        """Return the user corresponding to the given id.
        """
        # The connection between getting by ID and by name is not a strong
        # one
        try:
            return self.getUser(id)
        except:
            if default is _marker: raise
            return default

00500     def _doAddUser(self, name, password, roles, domains, **kw):
        """Create a new user. This should be implemented by subclasses to
           do the actual adding of a user. The 'password' will be the
           original input password, unencrypted. The implementation of this
           method is responsible for performing any needed encryption."""
        raise NotImplementedError

00507     def _doChangeUser(self, name, password, roles, domains, **kw):
        """Modify an existing user. This should be implemented by subclasses
           to make the actual changes to a user. The 'password' will be the
           original input password, unencrypted. The implementation of this
           method is responsible for performing any needed encryption."""
        raise NotImplementedError

00514     def _doDelUsers(self, names):
        """Delete one or more users. This should be implemented by subclasses
           to do the actual deleting of users."""
        raise NotImplementedError

    # As of Zope 2.5, userFolderAddUser, userFolderEditUser and
    # userFolderDelUsers offer aliases for the the _doAddUser, _doChangeUser
    # and _doDelUsers methods (with the difference that they can be called
    # from XML-RPC or untrusted scripting code, given the necessary
    # permissions).
    #
    # Authors of custom user folders don't need to do anything special to
    # support these - they will just call the appropriate '_' methods that
    # user folder subclasses already implement.
00528     def userFolderAddUser(self, name, password, roles, domains, **kw):
        """API method for creating a new user object. Note that not all
           user folder implementations support dynamic creation of user
           objects."""
        if hasattr(self, '_doAddUser'):
            return self._doAddUser(name, password, roles, domains, **kw)
        raise NotImplementedError

00536     def userFolderEditUser(self, name, password, roles, domains, **kw):
        """API method for changing user object attributes. Note that not
           all user folder implementations support changing of user object
           attributes."""
        if hasattr(self, '_doChangeUser'):
            return self._doChangeUser(name, password, roles, domains, **kw)
        raise NotImplementedError

00544     def userFolderDelUsers(self, names):
        """API method for deleting one or more user objects. Note that not
           all user folder implementations support deletion of user objects."""
        if hasattr(self, '_doDelUsers'):
            return self._doDelUsers(names)
        raise NotImplementedError


    # -----------------------------------
    # Private UserFolder object interface
    # -----------------------------------

    _remote_user_mode=_remote_user_mode
    _domain_auth_mode=0
    _emergency_user=emergency_user
    # Note: use of the '_super' name is deprecated.
    _super=emergency_user
    _nobody=nobody


    def identify(self, auth):
        if auth and auth.lower().startswith('basic '):
            try: name, password=tuple(decodestring(
                                      auth.split(' ')[-1]).split(':', 1))
            except:
                raise 'Bad Request', 'Invalid authentication token'
            return name, password
        else:
            return None, None

    def authenticate(self, name, password, request):
        emergency = self._emergency_user
        if name is None:
            return None
        if emergency and name==emergency.getUserName():
            user = emergency
        else:
            user = self.getUser(name)
        if user is not None and user.authenticate(password, request):
            return user
        else:
            return None

    def authorize(self, user, accessed, container, name, value, roles):
        user = getattr(user, 'aq_base', user).__of__(self)
        newSecurityManager(None, user)
        security = getSecurityManager()
        try:
            try:
                # This is evil: we cannot pass _noroles directly because
                # it is a special marker, and that special marker is not
                # the same between the C and Python policy implementations.
                # We __really__ need to stop using this marker pattern!
                if roles is _noroles:
                    if security.validate(accessed, container, name, value):
                        return 1
                else:
                    if security.validate(accessed, container, name, value,
                                         roles):
                        return 1
            except:
                noSecurityManager()
                raise
        except Unauthorized: pass
        return 0

00610     def validate(self, request, auth='', roles=_noroles):
        """
        this method performs identification, authentication, and
        authorization
        v is the object (value) we're validating access to
        n is the name used to access the object
        a is the object the object was accessed through
        c is the physical container of the object

        We allow the publishing machinery to defer to higher-level user
        folders or to raise an unauthorized by returning None from this
        method.
        """
        v = request['PUBLISHED'] # the published object
        a, c, n, v = self._getobcontext(v, request)

        # we need to continue to support this silly mode
        # where if there is no auth info, but if a user in our
        # database has no password and he has domain restrictions,
        # return him as the authorized user.
        if not auth:
            if self._domain_auth_mode:
                for user in self.getUsers():
                    if user.getDomains():
                        if self.authenticate(user.getUserName(), '', request):
                            if self.authorize(user, a, c, n, v, roles):
                                return user.__of__(self)

        name, password = self.identify(auth)
        user = self.authenticate(name, password, request)
        # user will be None if we can't authenticate him or if we can't find
        # his username in this user database.
        emergency = self._emergency_user
        if emergency and user is emergency:
            if self._isTop():
                # we do not need to authorize the emergency user against the
                # published object.
                return emergency.__of__(self)
            else:
                # we're not the top-level user folder
                return None
        elif user is None:
            # either we didn't find the username, or the user's password
            # was incorrect.  try to authorize and return the anonymous user.
            if self._isTop() and self.authorize(self._nobody, a,c,n,v,roles):
                return self._nobody.__of__(self)
            else:
                # anonymous can't authorize or we're not top-level user folder
                return None
        else:
            # We found a user, his password was correct, and the user
            # wasn't the emergency user.  We need to authorize the user
            # against the published object.
            if self.authorize(user, a, c, n, v, roles):
                return user.__of__(self)
            # That didn't work.  Try to authorize the anonymous user.
            elif self._isTop() and self.authorize(self._nobody,a,c,n,v,roles):
                return self._nobody.__of__(self)
            else:
                # we can't authorize the user, and we either can't authorize
                # nobody against the published object or we're not top-level
                return None

    if _remote_user_mode:

        def validate(self, request, auth='', roles=_noroles):
            v = request['PUBLISHED']
            a, c, n, v = self._getobcontext(v, request)
            name = request.environ.get('REMOTE_USER', None)
            if name is None:
                if self._domain_auth_mode:
                    for user in self.getUsers():
                        if user.getDomains():
                            if self.authenticate(
                                user.getUserName(), '', request
                                ):
                                if self.authorize(user, a, c, n, v, roles):
                                    return user.__of__(self)

            user = self.getUser(name)
            # user will be None if we can't find his username in this user
            # database.
            emergency = self._emergency_user
            if emergency and name==emergency.getUserName():
                if self._isTop():
                    # we do not need to authorize the emergency user against
                    #the published object.
                    return emergency.__of__(self)
                else:
                    # we're not the top-level user folder
                    return None
            elif user is None:
                # we didn't find the username in this database
                # try to authorize and return the anonymous user.
                if self._isTop() and self.authorize(self._nobody,
                                                    a, c, n, v, roles):
                    return self._nobody.__of__(self)
                else:
                    # anonymous can't authorize or we're not top-level user
                    # folder
                    return None
            else:
                # We found a user and the user wasn't the emergency user.
                # We need to authorize the user against the published object.
                if self.authorize(user, a, c, n, v, roles):
                    return user.__of__(self)
                # That didn't work.  Try to authorize the anonymous user.
                elif self._isTop() and self.authorize(
                    self._nobody, a, c, n, v, roles):
                    return self._nobody.__of__(self)
                else:
                    # we can't authorize the user, and we either can't
                    # authorize nobody against the published object or
                    # we're not top-level
                    return None

00726     def _getobcontext(self, v, request):
        """
        v is the object (value) we're validating access to
        n is the name used to access the object
        a is the object the object was accessed through
        c is the physical container of the object
        """
        if len(request.steps) == 0: # someone deleted root index_html
            request.RESPONSE.notFoundError('no default view (root default view'
                                           ' was probably deleted)')
        n = request.steps[-1]
        # default to accessed and container as v.aq_parent
        a = c = request['PARENTS'][0]
        # try to find actual container
        inner = getattr(v, 'aq_inner', v)
        innerparent = getattr(inner, 'aq_parent', None)
        if innerparent is not None:
            # this is not a method, we needn't treat it specially
            c = innerparent
        elif hasattr(v, 'im_self'):
            # this is a method, we need to treat it specially
            c = v.im_self
            c = getattr(v, 'aq_inner', v)
        request_container = getattr(request['PARENTS'][-1], 'aq_parent', [])
        # if pub's aq_parent or container is the request container, it
        # means pub was accessed from the root
        if a is request_container:
            a = request['PARENTS'][-1]
        if c is request_container:
            c = request['PARENTS'][-1]

        return a, c, n, v

    def _isTop(self):
        try:
            return self.aq_parent.aq_base.isTopLevelPrincipiaApplicationObject
        except:
            return 0

    def __len__(self):
        return 1

    _mainUser=DTMLFile('dtml/mainUser', globals())
    _add_User=DTMLFile('dtml/addUser', globals(),
                       remote_user_mode__=_remote_user_mode)
    _editUser=DTMLFile('dtml/editUser', globals(),
                       remote_user_mode__=_remote_user_mode)
    manage=manage_main=_mainUser
    manage_main._setName('manage_main')

    _userFolderProperties = DTMLFile('dtml/userFolderProps', globals())

00778     def manage_userFolderProperties(self, REQUEST=None,
                                    manage_tabs_message=None):
        """
        """
        return self._userFolderProperties(
            self, REQUEST, manage_tabs_message=manage_tabs_message,
            management_view='Properties')

00786     def manage_setUserFolderProperties(self, encrypt_passwords=0,
                                       update_passwords=0,
                                       maxlistusers=DEFAULTMAXLISTUSERS,
                                       REQUEST=None):
        """
        Sets the properties of the user folder.
        """
        self.encrypt_passwords = not not encrypt_passwords
        try:
            self.maxlistusers = int(maxlistusers)
        except ValueError:
            self.maxlistusers = DEFAULTMAXLISTUSERS
        if encrypt_passwords and update_passwords:
            changed = 0
            for u in self.getUsers():
                pw = u._getPassword()
                if not self._isPasswordEncrypted(pw):
                    pw = self._encryptPassword(pw)
                    self._doChangeUser(u.getUserName(), pw, u.getRoles(),
                                       u.getDomains())
                    changed = changed + 1
            if REQUEST is not None:
                if not changed:
                    msg = 'All passwords already encrypted.'
                else:
                    msg = 'Encrypted %d password(s).' % changed
                return self.manage_userFolderProperties(
                    REQUEST, manage_tabs_message=msg)
            else:
                return changed
        else:
            if REQUEST is not None:
                return self.manage_userFolderProperties(
                    REQUEST, manage_tabs_message='Saved changes.')

    def _isPasswordEncrypted(self, pw):
        return AuthEncoding.is_encrypted(pw)

    def _encryptPassword(self, pw):
        return AuthEncoding.pw_encrypt(pw, 'SSHA')


    def domainSpecValidate(self,spec):

        for ob in spec:

            am = addr_match(ob)
            hm = host_match(ob)

            if am is None and hm is None:
                return 0

        return 1


    def _addUser(self,name,password,confirm,roles,domains,REQUEST=None):
        if not name:
            return MessageDialog(
                   title  ='Illegal value',
                   message='A username must be specified',
                   action ='manage_main')
        if not password or not confirm:
            if not domains:
                return MessageDialog(
                   title  ='Illegal value',
                   message='Password and confirmation must be specified',
                   action ='manage_main')
        if self.getUser(name) or (self._emergency_user and
                                  name == self._emergency_user.getUserName()):
            return MessageDialog(
                   title  ='Illegal value',
                   message='A user with the specified name already exists',
                   action ='manage_main')
        if (password or confirm) and (password != confirm):
            return MessageDialog(
                   title  ='Illegal value',
                   message='Password and confirmation do not match',
                   action ='manage_main')

        if not roles: roles=[]
        if not domains: domains=[]

        if domains and not self.domainSpecValidate(domains):
            return MessageDialog(
                   title  ='Illegal value',
                   message='Illegal domain specification',
                   action ='manage_main')
        self._doAddUser(name, password, roles, domains)
        if REQUEST: return self._mainUser(self, REQUEST)


    def _changeUser(self,name,password,confirm,roles,domains,REQUEST=None):
        if password == 'password' and confirm == 'pconfirm':
            # Protocol for editUser.dtml to indicate unchanged password
            password = confirm = None
        if not name:
            return MessageDialog(
                   title  ='Illegal value',
                   message='A username must be specified',
                   action ='manage_main')
        if password == confirm == '':
            if not domains:
                return MessageDialog(
                   title  ='Illegal value',
                   message='Password and confirmation must be specified',
                   action ='manage_main')
        if not self.getUser(name):
            return MessageDialog(
                   title  ='Illegal value',
                   message='Unknown user',
                   action ='manage_main')
        if (password or confirm) and (password != confirm):
            return MessageDialog(
                   title  ='Illegal value',
                   message='Password and confirmation do not match',
                   action ='manage_main')

        if not roles: roles=[]
        if not domains: domains=[]

        if domains and not self.domainSpecValidate(domains):
            return MessageDialog(
                   title  ='Illegal value',
                   message='Illegal domain specification',
                   action ='manage_main')
        self._doChangeUser(name, password, roles, domains)
        if REQUEST: return self._mainUser(self, REQUEST)

    def _delUsers(self,names,REQUEST=None):
        if not names:
            return MessageDialog(
                   title  ='Illegal value',
                   message='No users specified',
                   action ='manage_main')
        self._doDelUsers(names)
        if REQUEST: return self._mainUser(self, REQUEST)

00923     def manage_users(self,submit=None,REQUEST=None,RESPONSE=None):
        """This method handles operations on users for the web based forms
           of the ZMI. Application code (code that is outside of the forms
           that implement the UI of a user folder) are encouraged to use
           manage_std_addUser"""
        if submit=='Add...':
            return self._add_User(self, REQUEST)

        if submit=='Edit':
            try:    user=self.getUser(reqattr(REQUEST, 'name'))
            except: return MessageDialog(
                    title  ='Illegal value',
                    message='The specified user does not exist',
                    action ='manage_main')
            return self._editUser(self,REQUEST,user=user,password=user.__)

        if submit=='Add':
            name    =reqattr(REQUEST, 'name')
            password=reqattr(REQUEST, 'password')
            confirm =reqattr(REQUEST, 'confirm')
            roles   =reqattr(REQUEST, 'roles')
            domains =reqattr(REQUEST, 'domains')
            return self._addUser(name,password,confirm,roles,domains,REQUEST)

        if submit=='Change':
            name    =reqattr(REQUEST, 'name')
            password=reqattr(REQUEST, 'password')
            confirm =reqattr(REQUEST, 'confirm')
            roles   =reqattr(REQUEST, 'roles')
            domains =reqattr(REQUEST, 'domains')
            return self._changeUser(name,password,confirm,roles,
                                    domains,REQUEST)

        if submit=='Delete':
            names=reqattr(REQUEST, 'names')
            return self._delUsers(names,REQUEST)

        return self._mainUser(self, REQUEST)

    def user_names(self):
        return self.getUserNames()

    def manage_beforeDelete(self, item, container):
        if item is self:
            try: del container.__allow_groups__
            except: pass

    def manage_afterAdd(self, item, container):
        if item is self:
            if hasattr(self, 'aq_base'): self=self.aq_base
            container.__allow_groups__=self

    def __creatable_by_emergency_user__(self): return 1

    def _setId(self, id):
        if id != self.id:
            raise Globals.MessageDialog(
                title='Invalid Id',
                message='Cannot change the id of a UserFolder',
                action ='./manage_main',)


    # Domain authentication support. This is a good candidate to
    # become deprecated in future Zope versions.

00988     def setDomainAuthenticationMode(self, domain_auth_mode):
        """Set the domain-based authentication mode. By default, this
           mode is off due to the high overhead of the operation that
           is incurred for all anonymous accesses. If you have the
           'Manage Users' permission, you can call this method via
           the web, passing a boolean value for domain_auth_mode to
           turn this behavior on or off."""
        v = self._domain_auth_mode = domain_auth_mode and 1 or 0
        return 'Domain authentication mode set to %d' % v

00998     def domainAuthModeEnabled(self):
        """ returns true if domain auth mode is set to true"""
        return getattr(self, '_domain_auth_mode', None)

01002 class UserFolder(BasicUserFolder):
    """Standard UserFolder object

    A UserFolder holds User objects which contain information
    about users including name, password domain, and roles.
    UserFolders function chiefly to control access by authenticating
    users and binding them to a collection of roles."""

    meta_type='User Folder'
    id       ='acl_users'
    title    ='User Folder'
    icon     ='p_/UserFolder'

    def __init__(self):
        self.data=PersistentMapping()

01018     def getUserNames(self):
        """Return a list of usernames"""
        names=self.data.keys()
        names.sort()
        return names

01024     def getUsers(self):
        """Return a list of user objects"""
        data=self.data
        names=data.keys()
        names.sort()
        users=[]
        f=users.append
        for n in names:
            f(data[n])
        return users

01035     def getUser(self, name):
        """Return the named user object or None"""
        return self.data.get(name, None)

01039     def _doAddUser(self, name, password, roles, domains, **kw):
        """Create a new user"""
        if password is not None and self.encrypt_passwords:
            password = self._encryptPassword(password)
        self.data[name]=User(name,password,roles,domains)

01045     def _doChangeUser(self, name, password, roles, domains, **kw):
        user=self.data[name]
        if password is not None:
            if self.encrypt_passwords and not self._isPasswordEncrypted(password):
                password = self._encryptPassword(password)
            user.__=password
        user.roles=roles
        user.domains=domains

01054     def _doDelUsers(self, names):
        for name in names:
            del self.data[name]

01058     def _createInitialUser(self):
        """
        If there are no users or only one user in this user folder,
        populates from the 'inituser' file in INSTANCE_HOME.
        We have to do this even when there is already a user
        just in case the initial user ignored the setup messages.
        We don't do it for more than one user to avoid
        abuse of this mechanism.
        Called only by OFS.Application.initialize().
        """
        if len(self.data) <= 1:
            info = readUserAccessFile('inituser')
            if info:
                name, password, domains, remote_user_mode = info
                self._doDelUsers(self.getUserNames())
                self._doAddUser(name, password, ('Manager',), domains)
                try:
                    os.remove(os.path.join(INSTANCE_HOME, 'inituser'))
                except:
                    pass


Globals.default__class_init__(UserFolder)






def manage_addUserFolder(self,dtself=None,REQUEST=None,**ignored):
    """ """
    f=UserFolder()
    self=self.this()
    try:    self._setObject('acl_users', f)
    except: return MessageDialog(
                   title  ='Item Exists',
                   message='This object already contains a User Folder',
                   action ='%s/manage_main' % REQUEST['URL1'])
    self.__allow_groups__=f
    if REQUEST is not None:
        REQUEST['RESPONSE'].redirect(self.absolute_url()+'/manage_main')


def rolejoin(roles, other):
    dict={}
    for role in roles:
        dict[role]=1
    for role in other:
        dict[role]=1
    roles=dict.keys()
    roles.sort()
    return roles

addr_match=re.compile(r'((\d{1,3}\.){1,3}\*)|((\d{1,3}\.){3}\d{1,3})').match
host_match=re.compile(r'(([\_0-9a-zA-Z\-]*\.)*[0-9a-zA-Z\-]*)').match



def domainSpecMatch(spec, request):
    host=''
    addr=''

    # Fast exit for the match-all case
    if len(spec) == 1 and spec[0] == '*':
        return 1

    if request.has_key('REMOTE_HOST'):
        host=request['REMOTE_HOST']

    if request.has_key('REMOTE_ADDR'):
        addr=request['REMOTE_ADDR']

    if not host and not addr:
        return 0

    if not host:
        try:    host=socket.gethostbyaddr(addr)[0]
        except: pass
    if not addr:
        try:    addr=socket.gethostbyname(host)
        except: pass


    _host=host.split('.')
    _addr=addr.split('.')
    _hlen=len(_host)
    _alen=len(_addr)

    for ob in spec:
        sz=len(ob)
        _ob=ob.split('.')
        _sz=len(_ob)

        mo = addr_match(ob)
        if mo is not None:
            if mo.end(0)==sz:
                fail=0
                for i in range(_sz):
                    a=_addr[i]
                    o=_ob[i]
                    if (o != a) and (o != '*'):
                        fail=1
                        break
                if fail:
                    continue
                return 1

        mo = host_match(ob)
        if mo is not None:
            if mo.end(0)==sz:
                if _hlen < _sz:
                    continue
                elif _hlen > _sz:
                    _item=_host[-_sz:]
                else:
                    _item=_host
                fail=0
                for i in range(_sz):
                    h=_item[i]
                    o=_ob[i]
                    if (o != h) and (o != '*'):
                        fail=1
                        break
                if fail:
                    continue
                return 1
    return 0


def absattr(attr):
    if callable(attr): return attr()
    return attr

def reqattr(request, attr):
    try:    return request[attr]
    except: return None

Super = UnrestrictedUser  # Note: use of the Super alias is deprecated.

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